Susmita Sengupta | Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Rabindra Mahavidyalaya, Champadanga email: email@example.com
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the magnitude of wastage and internal efficiency of school education of Jhalda Blocks of Purulia district, one of the most backward districts of West Bengal. An attempt was also made to measure the retention rate to understand the status of educational development of the study area. Secondary data source from School Inspector’s Office of Jhalda Blocks along with data from DISE (2007-08 to 2014-15) have enriched the present study. Systematic sampling method was used to select the schools of the Jhalda blocks. It consisted of twenty Primary schools of both blocks (ten from each) and two from Municipality area to measure primary level wastage, one Upper Primary school from each block to capture the middle level wastage and all Higher Secondary Schools for upper level wastage phenomenon. While selecting schools, pockets of high dropout and repetition, abundance of backward caste population, more specifically concentration of first generation learners were given high priority. Student flow ratios and Cohort analysis act as instruments of the present study to ascertain the wastage and efficiency of the school education of the study area. The study revealed that the school education system has been suffering from high level of wastage during the period 2007-08 to 2014-15 and the system is not efficient internally. Based on the findings some suggestions have been employed in order to minimize repetition and dropout rate and to increase the promotion and completion rates.
Key words: Survival, wastage, internal efficiency, reconstructed cohort